Common Minnesota Butterflies and What They Like to Eat
Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia): Caterpillars like pansies. Nectar plants include black eyed Susan, verbena, butterfly bush, globe amaranth, marigold, New England aster, oregano, red clover, and zinnia.
Monarch (Danaus plexippus): Caterpillars only like milkweed. Nectar plants include verbena, butterfly bush, butterfly weed, milkweed, globe amaranth, heliotrope, Joe Pye weed, lantana, marigold, mustard greens, New England aster, oriental lilies, coneflower, and zinnia.
American Snout (Libytheana carinenta): Caterpillars like hackberry. Favorite nectar plant is late-flowering boneset.
Common Buckeye (Junonia coenia): Caterpillars like toadflax, snapdragons, loosestrifes. Nectar plants include globe amaranth, mist flower, coreopsis, aster, milkweed, and white clover.
Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa): Caterpillars like willow, aspen, cottonwood, and elm. Nectar plants include butterfly bush, milkweed, Shasta daisy, rotting fruit and sap.
Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui): Caterpillars like thistle, hollyhock, daisy, and sunflower. Nectar plants include verbena, butterfly bush, milkweed, cosmos, heliotrope, marigold, New England aster, purple coneflower, and zinnia.
Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis): Caterpillars like wild cherry, oak, poplar, hawthorn, and willow.
Question Mark (Polygonia interrogationis): Caterpillars like nettle, elm, hackberry, hops, and false nettle. Nectar plants include butterfly bush and heliotrope.
Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta): Caterpillars like nettle, false nettle, and pellitory. Nectar plants include verbena, butterfly bush, garlic chives, pink turtlehead, and purple coneflower.
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes): Caterpillars like dill, parsley, fennel, and carrot. Nectar plants include verbena, butterfly bush, milkweed, Joe Pye weed, oregano, purple coneflower, and zinnia.
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus): Caterpillars like sycamore and willow. Nectar plants include creeping wood sorrel, garlic chives, ground ivy, oregano, showy coneflower, white clover.
Common Checkered-Skipper (Pyrgus communis): Caterpillars like mallow and hollyhock. Nectar plants are globe amaranth, aster, and coneflower.
Gorgone Checkerspot (Chlosyne gorgone): Caterpillars like sunflowers.
Silver-spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus): Caterpillars like wild licorice and locust. Nectar plants include black eyed Susan, blue cardinal flower, verbena, butterfly bush, catnip, garlic chives, milkweed, common sage, globe amaranth, Joe Pye weed, lantana, lavender, mint, mountain laurel, oregano, oriental lilies, phlox, rashishes, red clover, showy coneflower, smooth aster, milkweed, white clover, bergamot, and zinnia.